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A new family of chalk-made vessels emerged in the second half of the 1st c. B.C.E. Recent archaeological work has shed new light on the subject, with vessels of a variety of different forms appearing among the finds of numerous excavations, and with the discovery of additional manufacturing sites. There has also been a surge of publications examining the possible functions that such stone vessels might have had in view of concerns relating to matters of purity that developed among the Jewish population in Palestine during the 1st century, particularly for those living in Jerusalem, where the Jewish Temple was located.
2,000-year-old chalkstone cores, dating to the Roman period, uncovered in the Israeli village of Reina.
The Stone Vessel Industry in the Second Temple Period by Megan Yitshak; Yitzhak Magen
Hundreds of chalk stone vessels have been found during excavations at Second Temple period sites within Jerusalem. Originally linked to Jewish religious laws where the vessels were used in religious ceremonies concerned with purity, they eventually became everyday domestic vessels. This volume reports on the discovery of a quarry and workshops at Hizma, northeast of Jerusalem, which provided important evidence on production techniques and chronology, showing the vessels to have been produced between the later 1st century BC and c.70AD until the destruction of Jerusalem. This in turn enabled a typology to be constructed. The distribution of chalk stone vessels is also mapped. This book is an upated English version of an earlier book published in Hebrew in 1976 by Magen, and includes up-to-date evidence from recent excavations.
One Land – Many Cultures: Archaeology Studies in Honour of Stanislao Loffredo OFM by G.C. Bottini, L. Di Segni, and L.D. Chrupcala (eds.)