It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Perhaps most important of Judea's imports was pottery. The late historian and archaeologist Michael Avi-Yonah demonstrated how substantially changes of political regime in the Hellenistic period affected the direction of trade and trade-objects. From Alexander's conquest, down to the middle of the third century B.C.E., Attic imported pottery was abundant at Samaria, and Rhodian stamped jarhandles constituted about 60 percent of those found in the excavation. But from about 250 B.C.E., local imitations of Greek imported types appeared in increasing quantities. With the Seleucid annexation, the source of imported wares shifted to Asia Minor and Syria, after which 'Megarian' bowls became prominent.
Vessels from Khirbet Qeiyafa.
Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology by Daniel M. Master; Jürgen K. Zangenberg; Avraham Faust; Beth Alpert Nakhai; L. Michael White
See: Yonatan Adler, “Religion, Judaism: Purity in the Roman Period," pp. 240-249.
The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology represents a new way of conceiving of the relationship between archaeology and biblical studies that allows the results of a wide cross-section of excavations and regional studies to contribute to the interpretation of the biblical text through an elucidation of the lifeways of the ancient world. By going beyond mere architecture and chronology into the social organization of biblical society, the Encyclopedia is an important methodological breakthrough for the study of the Bible and archaeology.
The First Jewish Revolt by Andrea M. Berlin; J. Andrew Overman
See: Andrea M. Berlin, “Romanization and Anti-Romanization in Pre-Revolt Galilee," pp. 57-73.
The First Jewish Revolt against Rome is arguably the most decisive event in the history of Judaism and Christianity. The destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem in 70 CE by the Roman General Titus forced a transformation in structure and form for both of these fraternal religions. Yet despite its importance, little has been written on the First Revolt, its causes, implications and the facts surrounding it. In this volume, Andrea M. Berlin and J. Andrew Overman have gathered the foremost scholars on the period to discuss and debate this pivotal historical event. The contributions explore both Roman and Jewish perspectives on the Revolt, looking at its history and archaeology, and finally examining the ideology and interpretation of the revolt in subsequent history and myth.
Gentile Impurities and Jewish Identities by Christine E. Hayes
See: pp. 19–67, 107–144.
In ancient Jewish culture the ideas of purity and impurity defined the socio-cultural boundaries between Jews and Gentiles. Hayes argues that different views of the possibility of conversion, based on varying ideas about Gentile impurity, were the key factor in the formation of Jewish sects in the second temple period, and in the separation of the early Christian Church from what later became rabbinic Judaism.