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Jewish Apocalyptic Literature: 4 Ezra & 2 Baruch

Specific Approaches, Passages, and Themes

4 Ezra & 2 Baruch

4 Ezra and 2 Baruch are two Jewish works which were written around the turn of the first century CE in the aftermath of the Roman destruction of the Second Temple. Both texts are apocalypses, and both occupy an important place in early Jewish literature and thought: they were composed right after the Second Temple period, as Rabbinic Judaism and early Christianity began to emerge.

General Resources

Translations and Commentaries