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Creation, Nature and Hope in 4 Ezra by Jonathan A. MooThis exegetical study of creation and nature in 4 Ezra argues that this first-century Jewish apocalypse's profound pessimism concerning humankind and the present age is matched by a surprisingly robust belief in the goodness of the created order.
Eschatology and the Covenant: A Comparison of 4 Ezra and Romans 1-11 by Bruce W. LongeneckerThis extensive and detailed analysis compares Paul with the author of 4 Ezra against the background of Sanders's portrayal of early Judaism. 4 Ezra and Paul would seem to have one significant point in common: their common displacement from the covenantal 'pattern of religion' which was so prevalent in Early Judaism. It is from this perspective that Longenecker undertakes his comparison.
Eschatology in the Theodicies of 2 Baruch and 4 Ezra by Tom W. WillettIn 2 Baruch and 4 Ezra are narrative theodicies, attempting to make sense out of the Jewish religion after the fall of Jerusalem in 70 CE. This study analyses the function of eschatology in their presentations.
Losing the Temple and Recovering the Future by Hindy NajmanThis book explores the Jewish community's response to the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE. The focus of attention is 4 Ezra, a text that reboots the past by imaginatively recasting textual and interpretive traditions.
Theologies in Conflict in 4 Ezra by Karina HoganRecent scholarship on 4 Ezra has taken two divergent approaches, the first reading the dialogues between Ezra and Uriel as a reflection of theological debates in the author's time, and the second focusing on the psychological development of the protagonist. Combining the two approaches, this book offers a new interpretation of the dialogues as a literary representation of a debate between covenantal and eschatological wisdom, two branches of Jewish wisdom.
4 Ezra and 2 Baruch are two Jewish works which were written around the turn of the first century CE in the aftermath of the Roman destruction of the Second Temple. Both texts are apocalypses, and both occupy an important place in early Jewish literature and thought: they were composed right after the Second Temple period, as Rabbinic Judaism and early Christianity began to emerge.
Features of the Eschatology of IV Ezra by Michael E. Stone
Fourth Ezra and Second Baruch: Reconstruction After the Fall by Matthias Henze (Editor); Gabriele Boccaccini (Editor)The twenty essays in this volume were first presented and discussed at the Sixth Enoch Seminar at the Villa Cagnola at Gazzada, near Milan, Italy, on June 26-30, 2011. Together they reflect the lively debate about 4 Ezra and 2 Baruch among the most distinguished specialists in the field.
Interpreting 4 Ezra and 2 Baruch by Gabriele Boccaccini (Editor); Jason M. Zurawski (Editor); Lester L. Grabbe (Series edited by)Through close readings of the texts themselves, examining the books in comparison with other Jewish apocalyptic literature and early Christian materials, and reading the texts in light of their social and historical settings, the fifteen papers collected herein significantly advance the current scholarly conversation on these defining Jewish apocalypses written at the end of the first century CE, and they shed light on the everlasting legacy of apocalyptic ideas in both Christianity and Judaism.
4 Ezra and 2 Baruch: Translations, Introductions, and Notes by Michael E. Stone; Matthias HenzeFresh translations of early Jewish texts 4 Ezra and 2 Baruch, written in the decades after the Judean War, which saw Jerusalem conquered, the temple destroyed, and Judaism changed forever. This handy volume makes these two important texts accessible to students, provides expert introductions, and illuminates the interrelationship of the texts through parallel columns.
The Ezra-Apocalypse: Being Chapters 3-14 of the Book Commonly Known as 4 Ezra, Or II Esdras by G.H. BoxTranslated from a critically revised text, with critical introductions, notes, and explanations; with a general introduction to the apocalypse, and an appendix containing the Latin text.