Use the VPN!
To access online resources from a non-Yale network, you will need to connect to the VPN using Cisco AnyConnect. Instructions on installing the VPN software are available here.
In this guide, you will find information about writing your term paper for ASTR 130. The term paper on your star/planetary system, according to the syllabus, will be modeled after a peer-reviewed science paper.
Here are several examples of scientific papers to get you started:
Note how the authors have built their papers' sections, how they caption their figures, and how they cite information from outside sources. While you're not working on a paper with astronomical complexity, many of the same organizational principles will apply.