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CDC's Division of Laboratory Sciences coordinates the National Biomonitoring Program (NBP) which offers an assessment of nutritional status and the exposure of the U.S. population to environmental chemicals and toxic substances. Through biomonitoring we can understand the environmental chemicals to which people have been exposed, the amounts of chemicals that are actually in people's bodies, and people's nutrition status by measuring indicators such as iron and folate . Measurements by the National Biomonitoring Program are used to improve the detection, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease, injury, and harmful exposures in populations.
As part of its goal to facilitate a broader understanding of science, health and environmental issues, the environmental Health Research Foundation (EHRF) created www.biomonitoringinfo.org. EHRF is a nonprofit scientific research foundation based in Chantilly, Va. - See more at: http://www.biomonitoringinfo.org/about/#sthash.8Gc6nCtu.dpuf
The Science Review database includes information on 216 chemicals that increased mammary gland tumors in animal studies conducted by the US National Toxicology Program (NTP) or included in the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Monographs, 11th Report on Carcinogens (11th ROC), Carcinogenic Potency Database (CPDB), or Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System (CCRIS) database. For each chemical, the database includes: •carcinogenic potential •ability to cause gene mutations •exposure in the general population and for women at work •other characteristics of chemical use, sources, and regulation.
Since 1972, the Stream Biomonitoring Unit of the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation has used aquatic macroinvertebrates to monitor the water quality of the State's rivers and streams. Although DEC collects information on different aquatic communities, biomonitoring surveys are primarily assessed by collecting benthic (bottom dwelling) macroinvertebrate samples from riffle habitats in streams and rivers. DEC's Stream Biomonitoring Unit also uses fish and algae communities for intensive surveys to assess the magnitude and type of environmental stress or impact in waterbodies.
The purpose of the California Environmental Contaminant Biomonitoring Program, also called Biomonitoring California, is to: 1.Determine levels of environmental chemicals in a representative sample of Californians 2.Establish trends in the levels of these chemicals over time 3.Help assess the effectiveness of public health efforts and regulatory programs to decrease exposures to specific chemicals.