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Evidence-Based Mental Health: Yale Psychiatry Residency Program: Step 3: Appraise

Resources for the Evidence-Based Mental Health Curriculum Yale Psychiatry residency program


Bate, L., Hutchinson, A., Underhill, J., & Maskrey, N. (2012). How clinical decisions are made. British journal of clinical pharmacology74(4), 614–620.

Isaacs, D., & Fitzgerald, D. (1999). Seven alternatives to evidence based medicine. BMJ (Clinical research ed.)319(7225), 1618.

Module on Harm - Etiology

Levine, M., Walter, S., Lee, H., Haines, T., Holbrook, A., & Moyer, V. (1994). Users' guides to the medical literature. IV. How to use an article about harm. Evidence-Based Medicine Working Group. JAMA271(20), 1615–1619.

Koro, C. E., Fedder, D. O., L'Italien, G. J., Weiss, S. S., Magder, L. S., Kreyenbuhl, J., Revicki, D. A., & Buchanan, R. W. (2002). Assessment of independent effect of olanzapine and risperidone on risk of diabetes among patients with schizophrenia: population based nested case-control study. BMJ (Clinical research ed.)325(7358), 243.

Module on Prognosis

Furukawa, T. A., Kitamura, T., & Takahashi, K. (2000). Time to recovery of an inception cohort with hitherto untreated unipolar major depressive episodes. The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science177, 331–335.

Geddes, J. (2000). Answering clinical questions about prognosis. Evidence Based Mental Health, 3(4), 100.

Module on Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis

Sidor, M. M., & Macqueen, G. M. (2011). Antidepressants for the acute treatment of bipolar depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The Journal of clinical psychiatry72(2), 156–167.

Module on Treatment

Susser, E., Valencia, E., Conover, S., Felix, A., Tsai, W. Y., & Wyatt, R. J. (1997). Preventing recurrent homelessness among mentally ill men: a "critical time" intervention after discharge from a shelter. American journal of public health87(2), 256–262.


Carney S, Doll H. Measures of association as used to address therapy, harm, and aetiology questions BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine 2005;10:102-103.

DOLL H, CARNEY S. Statistical approaches to uncertainty: p values and confidence intervals unpacked BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine 2005;10:133-134.