Awards and prizes mentioned here are not necessarily bestowed every year. Check with the organization for more details. This information was culled from a variety of sources over the past few years.
University of Southern California: Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement
Ecological Society of America: Murray F Buell Award, 1973-; E Lucy Braun Award, 1988-, for best student poster presentation at the Society's Annual Meeting; Distinguished Service citation, 1975-; Eminent Ecologist, 1973-; MacArthur Award, 1983-; George Mercer Award, 1948-, ESA Microbial Ecology Section Awards (for members of ESA and the Microbial Ecology section): UCS-ESA-SS Ecoservice Award, Academic Excellence Award for Young Women in Ecology, National and International Travel Awards, Best Undergraduate Presentation Award, Outstanding Student Research in Ecology Award, Eco-Vision Competition
Botanical Society of America: Ecological Section Award. for best student paper in ecology; George R Cooley Award for best paper in plant systematics; New York Botanical Garden Award, 1986-.
Prix Leo Parizeau: awarded to Canadian citizens for significant achievement in the natural sciences.
Society of Systematic Zoology: Ernst Mayr Student Award
American Institute of Biological Sciences: Education Award; Congressional Science Fellowship
Society for Marine Mammalogy: Emily B Shane Award; Frederic Fairfield Memorial Fund Award; Robin Best Memorial Award
National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America: Daniel Giraud Elliot Medal for work in zoology or paleontology; Gilbert Morgan Smith Medal to recognize published research on algae
Society for Conservation Biology: distinguished contributions to Conservation Biology Award given annually
American Society of Naturalists: Sewall Wright Award, 1991- given annually. Honors a senior but active investigator.
International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT): Awards