African American Atheists and Political Liberation by Michael LackeyAn analysis of a range of African American atheists’ specific critiques of the role of “the God concept” in sanctioning dehumanization, oppression, and violence against those who do not share the presumed “epistemological superiority” of the religious. Also engages a range of philosophers and theorists who have critiqued theism. Concludes with the articulation of a “black liberation anti-theology,” what the others refer to as an atheist manifesto for the political liberation of African Americans.
Prophesy Deliverance!: An Afro-American Revolutionary Christianity by Cornel WestOriginally published in 1982, this text signaled new directions for African American religious thought in general, and black theology in particular. West places black evangelical Christianity in conversation with the social analysis of Marxism thought and the philosophical thought of American Pragmatism. Together, West argues that these strands provide a more robust conception of liberation and hold out possibilities for political action and social transformation.
Black Theology U.S.A. and South Africa: Politics, Culture and Liberation by Dwight N. HopkinsA comparative analysis of the development and content of black theology in the United States and South Africa. Analyzes the thought of a range of thinkers from both countries. Especially helpful is the treatment of lesser-known South African theologians, beyond Allen Boesak and Desmond Tutu. Provides an assessment of the empowering dimensions of both theological trajectories.