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Citation Management : Home

A guide for all things citation management.

About Citation Management

Citing resources in your research papers acknowledges that other people have influenced your ideas. Citations are also used to support your own ideas and arguments and to place your research in the larger context of a field of study (for instance, in a literature review or an annotated bibliography).

Citing work is essential to avoid accusations of plagiarism.

Updated Service for Zotero

Beginning mid-February 2022, all Yale Zotero users can now access unlimited file syncing storage (previously limited to 300MB), which can be used to store and synchronize the saved files in your Zotero library on different computers. 

To access unlimited Zotero storage, connect your email address to your Zotero account. Learn more here.

Upcoming Citation Workshops

What is a Citation Manager?

When you write academic papers you will need to give credit to the works you have consulted to support your argument. Because academic papers often require a lot of citations, you can use a citation management tool to make keeping track of your sources easier!

Use this guide to help you get started using citation management software. The tabs above offer specific advice on using EndNote, EndNote Online, Mendeley, RefWorks, and Zotero, including: how to add references to specific software, how to include references in your writing, and how to generate a bibliography.

Picking a Citation Manager

The citation management tool you use is up to you. Below are some things to consider to help you decide.

All Citation Management tools have these basic features to help you...

  • Gather and transfer references from databases / resources / webpages into your personal research database
  • Organize, annotate, sort and search your references, images and PDFs
  • Insert in-text citations and reference lists into documents in a wide variety of styles (MLA, APA, etc)
  • Create stand alone bibliographies in a wide variety of styles

Before you choose which citation manager is right for you, here are some questions to ask yourself:

  • Does the tool support your citation style (MLA, APA, Chicago)?
  • Does the tool support sharing between people?
  • Is the tool compatible with the databases and websites you use?
  • What kinds of file formats are you collecting? Does the tool capture webpage snapshots, and does it store PDFs?
  • Does the tool allow you to work off-line or from multiple places?

Review the comparison charts below to learn about the special features available within each tool.