Yale University became a selective depository for Canadian federal government documents in 1961. It is one of approximately 50 depository libraries for Canadian information in the United States. Strengths of the collection include parliamentary debates and reports, royal commission reports, serials, atlases, statistical data, and executive agency annual reports. The Canadian federal government documents collection complements and supplements the secondary literature collection, most of which is housed in Sterling Memorial Library.
Beginning in 2012, the Government of Canada transitioned to electronic-only for publications from the Publishing Program and publications provided by departments to the Depository Services Program.