In this example let's use the question: "How can a hospital chaplain practice self-compassion while interacting with patients and their issues?"
|Concept name||Concept 1||Concept 2|
|Search terms||(A OR B)||AND||(C OR D)|
The concepts in your search will depend on your research question. Each concept can be represented by various textwords and controlled vocabulary terms.
The textwords in your search are words and phrases that you expect to see in the title and abstract of relevant papers. Any concept in your search might be represented by several different textwords. Sometimes people call textwords "keywords."
The controlled vocabulary terms in your search are words or phrases drawn from a thesaurus -- not Roget's Thesaurus, but a database-specific list of the terms that indexers use to describe the contents of each article. Different databases use different controlled vocabularies: PubMed, MEDLINE, and the ATLA religion database, for example, use a specialized thesaurus of controlled vocabulary terms. Some databases, such as Web of Science, don't use a thesaurus; you can only search them with textwords. Sometimes people call controlled vocabulary terms "subject headings" or "keywords," too.
Your search will use both textwords and controlled vocabulary terms. Controlled vocabulary terms help you retrieve relevant papers even when the author uses terminology you didn't expect. Textwords help you retrieve relevant papers even when the thesaurus doesn't cover the concepts you're interested in.
Your final search statement will include several concepts, each represented by many textwords and controlled vocabulary terms. The synonyms representing one concept will be gathered inside parentheses and connected by the Boolean operator OR. The different parentheses representing all the concepts will be connected by the Boolean operator AND.
Here is an example of what your final search strategy might look like. Remember you can add as many concepts into your search strategy to improve the number of results recalled from your search.
|Concept name||Concept 1||Concept 2|
|self-care[MeSH Heading]||Clergy[MeSH Heading]|
(self-care[MeSH Heading] OR "self compassion" OR "self care") AND (Clergy[MeSH Heading] OR chaplain* OR minister* OR clergy)
Truncation searching uses a symbol to search for a string of characters, no matter how the word ends. You may use truncation to find different word forms; chaplain* will retrieve papers with chaplain, chaplains, chaplaincy, etc.
Phrase searching uses quotation marks or hyphens to search for an exact phrase, instead of a single word (self care vs "self care").
Narrow your Google search results to find quality information by using Google's advanced search techniques.
1. To find resources from specific types of organizations, use the site: search feature. If you include site: in your query, Google will restrict the results to those websites in the given domain. For instance, site:.gov will find pages within .gov urls. Note there can be no space between the "site:" and the domain (.edu, .org, yale.edu, etc)
To use this, after clicking on the Google search strategy links above, type in the Google search bar:
2. To find multimedia resources use either intitle: or inurl:
Find pages with video or videos in the title. For this example, any results containing the word “video” in the title will be returned.
Find pages with "video" or "videos" in the URL. For this example, any results containing the word “video” in the URL will be returned.
replace video with movie*, podcast*, documentar*
3. Combine them together
site:.org OR inurl:video* OR intitle:video*
Find pages with video in the url or title where the page is created by an organization such as apa.org