Chapman EN, Kaatz A,Carnes M. Physicians and implicit bias: How doctors may unwittingly perpetuate health care disparities. J Gen Intern Med.2013;28(11):1504-1510.
Walker, J. James Walker: Racism? You will be the judge. New Haven Register August 23, 2020.
Cohan D. Racist Like Me - A Call to Self-Reflection and Action for White Physicians. N Engl J Med. 2019;380(9):805-807.
Ansell DA and McDonald EK. Bias, Black Lives, and Academic Medicine. N Engl J Med 2015; 372:1087-1089.
Cooper LA, Crews DC. COVID-19, racism, and the pursuit of health care and research worthy of trust. J Clin Invest. 2020;130(10):5033-5035.
Sullivan, LS. Trust, Risk, and Race in American Medicine. The Hastings Center Report. 2020; 50(1):18-26.
Hafferty FW, Franks R. The hidden curriculum, ethics teaching, and the structure of medical education. Acad Med. 1994 Nov;69(11):861-71.
Gonzalez CM, Garba RJ, Liguori A, Marantz PR, McKee MD, Lypson ML. How to Make or Break Implicit Bias Instruction: Implications for Curriculum Development. Acad Med. 2018 Nov;93(11S Association of American Medical Colleges Learn Serve Lead: Proceedings of the 57th Annual Research in Medical Education Sessions):S74-S81
Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Understanding and Eliminating Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care, Smedley BD, Stith AY, Nelson AR, eds. Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2003.
Bailey ZD, Krieger N, Agenor M, Graves J, Linos N, Bassett MT. Structural racism and health inequities in the USA: evidence and interventions. Lancet. 2017;389(10077):1453–1463.
Ben J, Cormack D, Harris R, Paradies Y. Racism and health service utilisation: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2017 Dec 18;12(12):e0189900.
Schwei RJ, Kadunc K, Nguyen AL, Jacobs EA. Impact of sociodemographic factors and previous interactions with the health care system on institutional trust in three racial/ethnic groups. Patient Educ Couns. 2014;96(3):333–338.
Williams DR, Lawrence JA, Davis BA, Vu C. Understanding how discrimination can affect health. Health Serv Res. 2019;54 Suppl 2:1374–1388.
PBS documentary on neighborhood and racial injustice within 145 yards of the Yale Medical School and YNHH
Articles about Film: