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Cambodian Newspaper Project: 1970 - 1975: Khmer Republic

A collection of Cambodian newspapers in the 1990s, a transition period when Cambodia emerged from a communist to a liberal democratic state. A historical collection that can tell so many stories Cambodia experienced during this transition period.

1970 - 1975: Khmer Republic, led by Gen. Lon Nol

Overview:

 

After ousting Samdech Preah Norodom Sihanouk, the US-backed government, Khmer Republic, was formed and led by Gen. Lon Nol. By December 1970, the media was much more in a cirtical conditions officially imposed by the government. For example, the Lon Nol administration ended freedom of the press by enforcing a pre-publication censorship rule. Consequently, many journalists often got threatened and attacked and at the same time many newspapers were closed down one after another. There were around 30 nwespapers running at the beginning of the regime, but by the end of 1974 only four or five newspapers could survive.

 

Overview:

 

  • 29 December 1970:

Pre-publication censorship was imposed & freedom of the press was ended.

 

  • 23 April 1973:

Martial law was declared.

 

  • 1970s:

Samleng Phnom Penh (The Voice of Phnom Penh) was established.

 

  • 1970s:

Sangkruoh Khmer (Save the Khmers) was established.

 

  • 1975:

Voice of Free Cambodia was established in Paris by Tioulong Saumura & Sam Rainsy. The paper was in both French and English.