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Title 13 of the United States Code authorizes this survey and provides for mandatory responses. The ASE represents an exciting public-private partnership between the Census Bureau, the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation and the Minority Business Development Agency (MBDA). The partnership with the Kauffman Foundation and the MBDA supported costs associated with designing the survey, developing new content, mailing to sampled businesses, data processing and editing, and developing data products for disseminating survey results. The Census Bureau collaborated with the Kauffman Foundation to use their expertise in entrepreneurship research to develop new relevant content and the resulting data products. The Census Bureau’s collaboration with the MBDA will help complete the picture of business ownership by producing modeled estimates for nonemployer businesses by gender, ethnicity, race, and veteran status.
The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor is the world's foremost study of entrepreneurship. Through a vast, centrally coordinated, internationally executed data collection effort, GEM is able to provide high quality information, comprehensive reports and interesting stories, which greatly enhance the understanding of the entrepreneurial phenomenon.
GEM is a trusted resource on entrepreneurship for key international organisations like the United Nations, World Economic Forum, World Bank, and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), providing custom datasets, special reports and expert opinion.
These important bodies leverage GEM's rich data, tried-and-tested methodology and network of local experts to promote evidence-based policies towards entrepreneurship around the world.
The Kauffman Index of Entrepreneurship series offers in-depth measures of the people and businesses that contribute to America’s overall economic dynamism. The Kauffman Foundation retired the Kauffman Index of Entrepreneurship and replaced it with the Kauffman Indicators of Entrepreneurship.
The series consists of reports and accompanying interactive data visualizations presenting entrepreneurial trends nationally, at the state level, and for the 40 largest metropolitan areas in these categories: Growth Entrepreneurship, Startup Activity, Main Street Entrepreneurship
The historical Kauffman Index microdata file for each year includes more than 650,000 observations for U.S. adults. The variables include entrepreneurship, age, race, gender, immigrant status, education, industry, state of residence, and many additional work, demographic, and geographical characteristics.
The Kauffman Foundation creates data overviews that provide guidance on how to use certain datasets. The data overviews serve several purposes:
1. To serve as data reference guides for academics, other data providers, or anyone interested in new research developments in entrepreneurship.
2. To provide short (up to two pages) overviews of data sets in one place that point to lots of relevant information but are highly curated and edited to ensure brevity and clarity.
The projects provide valid and reliable data on the process of business formation based on nationally-representative samples of nascent entrepreneurs, those active in business creation. PSED I began with screening in 1998-2000 to select a cohort of 830 with three follow-up interviews. A control group of those not involved in firm creation is available for comparisons. PSED II began with screening in 2005-2006, followed by six yearly interviews. The information obtained includes data on the nature of those active as nascent entrepreneurs, the activities undertaken during the start-up process, and the characteristics of start-up efforts that become new firms.
The interview schedule for the PSED I or II may be replicated in whole or part with the citation Panel Study of Entrepreneurial Dynamics, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan.
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