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Film Studies Research Guide: Animation

A guide to conducting research in Film Studies at Yale University, including key resources and crucial search strategies.

Animation and Animated Films

What's Here

This page lists a selection of printed and online reference resources on animated films.


For a more comprehensive list, do a Subject search in Orbis.  Here are some example subject headings:

Selected Resources on Animation


Animated film encyclopedia: a complete guide to American shorts, features and sequences 1900-1979. Graham Webb. Jefferson, N.C.; London: McFarland, c2000.

SML Reference NC1766 U5 W43 2000

Animated movie guide. Jerry Beck. Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 2005.

SML Reference NC1765 .B367X 2005

Anime encyclopedia: a guide to Japanese animation since 1917. Jonathan Clements and Helen McCarthy. Berkeley, Calif.: Stone Bridge Press, 2006.

SML Reference and Bass Stacks, NC1766.J3 C53X 2006

Animation 101

News, history and "how-to's."


Animation, a reference guide. Thomas W. Hoffer. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1981.

Bass Stacks and Art Reference, TR897.5 H63 (LC)
A guide to resources for the study of animation.

Encyclopedia of animated cartoons. Jeff Lenburg. New York: Facts on File, Inc., c1999.

SML Reference NC1766 U5 L46X 1999 (LC)+

Origins of American Animation. Library of Congress.

The development of early American animation is represented by this collection of 21 animated films and 2 fragments, which spans the years 1900 to 1921. The films include clay, puppet, and cut-out animation, as well as pen drawings. They point to a connection between newspaper comic strips and early animated films, as represented by Keeping Up With the Joneses, Krazy Kat, and The Katzenjammer Kids. As well as showing the development of animation, these films also reveal the social attitudes of early twentieth-century America.

Director, Film Study Center