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Prior to 1954, there was no legislation in Egypt that protected literary property. This changed when Egypt introduced Law No. 354 of 1954 on the Protection of Copyright, which provided a term of protection that extended to 50 years after an author’s death. It remained in force for nearly half a century before being repealed by a comprehensive intellectual property law in 2002. However, the 2002 intellectual property law did not alter the copyright protections from 1954 for authors. source